Data Storage Foundations

24 Hours

Intermediate Skill Level

Learn in-depth architecture and functionality of the Windows NT File System (NTFS), the FAT and the ExFAT File Systems and related directory entry information for locating files on electronic devices.

Course Overview

Attendees will gain insight into partition structures, disk layouts, the effects of formatting partitions, and learn of the system area data.

File management and directory structures characteristics will be examined in detail as well as techniques for discovering potential evidence that may be pivotal to a successful examination. This will be followed by topical areas of interest to include file headers and file hashing and recovery of deleted files.

This course incorporates an investigative scenario, providing hands-on experience with an examination of collected evidence.

Partitioning & Format Review

  • Describe the differences between MBR and GPT partitioned disks
  • Examine the structure of an MBR and GPT partitioned disk
  • Learn of the effects of formatting a volume to FAT
  • Learn of the effects of formatting a volume to exFAT
  • Learn of the effects of formatting a volume to NTFS.

FAT File System

  • Describe the structure and functionality of the system area
  • Examine the concept of clusters and data area
  • Describe changes that occur when a file or folder is saved
  • Examine the effects of data when a file is deleted
  • Describe the process to recover deleted files on a FAT volume.

NTFS File System Deep Dive

  • List file system support for each NT operating system
  • Identify NTFS Metadata Files
  • List the function of each Metadata file
  • Describe a File Record Entry
  • List the components of an NTFS Attribute
  • Examine the B+ Tree structure of directories
  • Describe the effects of data when a file is deleted.

exFAT Introduction and Full Examination

    • Describe the history of exFAT
    • Identify the system areas of the volume
    • Breakdown the Volume Boot Record
    • File Allocation Table
    • Describe the function of Bitmap
    • Breakdown a directory entry
    • Describe the effects of data when a file is deleted and review recovery techniques.

Download the Syllabus

Download a printable copy of the course description and key learning points.

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